Architecture: classicism, historicism and modernismTheme
From antiquity to concrete
Classicism’s influence on Danish architecture began one night in 1755. The event was the recruiting of Frenchman Nicolas-Henri Jardin to complete construction of Copenhagen’s Frederik’s Church, Jardin had studied antiquity in Rome and the impressions served as his inspiration for a classicist form of architecture: simple forms, regular facades and precisely formed festoons and other flourishes. Jardin was soon made a professor of architecture at the Royal Academy of Arts. Created in 1754, the Academy established a new, formalised framework for architecture.
Jardin didn’t stay on to see the completion of Frederik’s Church. Instead he became responsible for the construction of other buildings, including Bernstorff Castle in 1765. The castle, located outside Copenhagen, became the model for scores of manors across the country. Jardin had a number of pupils that carried on in the same classically inspired…