Climate and landscape changes over 10,000 years


From Arctic tundra to tidy field

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The country’s climate and landscape have changed dramatically since the end of the last Ice Age 12,000 years ago. What was an arctic tundra barren of nearly all plant life and home to only a handful of hunters is today a built up landscape with a temperate maritime climate and home to more than 5.5 million Danes.

Denmark’s most obvious geological border runs through the hills of central Jutland. The border marks the extent of the ice during the last Ice Ace, 120,000 to 12,000 years ago. The entire surface of eastern Denmark has been formed by glaciers that dragged various types of soil in over the landscape, whereas western Denmark was not covered by ice. That is why eastern Denmark can be considered “made for agriculture”, while western Denmark is better suited to raising animals.
Bedrock is visible in Denmark only on the island of Bornholm, making the island, which resembles Sweden, a unique national landsape.

When the ice retreated over Denmark some 16,000 years ago, plants began to grow in the barren tundra, and reindeer soon followed. The first people to arrive in Denmark during the period were hunters from the Hamburg Culture, traces of whom have been found at Sølbjerg, on the southern island of Lolland.
With the arrival of a milder…

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