The Mesolithic Age: the earliest periodTheme
The Mesolithic Age – heaven on Earth?
The long beginning
Although the Mesolithic Age was the longest period in Danish history, few traces of it remain. At that time, the area was thinly populated, and the people did not create permanent monuments. But if you look closer, some of the remnants from this early period are easily seen on fields, on beaches and under the water.
Tool making was under constant improvement, and humans regularly had to adjust their lifestyles to adapt to the changing climate, water levels, vegetation and animal life.
It is likely that Neanderthals lived in the area that was to become Denmark around 125,000 years ago. Modern humans arrived around 12,000 BC. The period drew to a close with the spread of agriculture starting around 3950 BC.
Hundreds of skeletons dating from the Mesolithic Age have been found in Denmark. They tell the story of a people that was much smaller than modern humans. Average heights were 150…