The Viking AgeTheme
The age of town and empire
The first written record of the Vikings describes the brutal destruction of Lindisfarne Abbey on the east coast of northern England in 793. The final chapter in the history of the Vikings was written at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
During the Viking Age, Scandinavia underwent enormous political, technological, economic, religious and social changes. The Scandinavian countries rivalled the great powers of Europe. Vikings founded towns, and the centralisation of power that came with the consolidation of the Scandinavian kingdoms led to an entirely different societal structure.
The most important vehicle of the day was the Viking ship. With it, Vikings not only plundered, they established colonies and traded as far west as Greenland and North America and as far east as Russia and the Byzantine Empire.
The first plundering raids took place along the English and Irish coasts. In the ninth century, Vikings exploited…