Trends of landscape gardeningTheme
The battle for the garden
Many of the gardens at Denmark’s manors and castles were planted in the early 18th century. J.C. Krieger and N.H. Jardin were responsible for designing royal pleasure gardens in Fredensborg, Frederiksborg and Marienlyst. The gardens have retained their original baroque design with patches of forest, tree-lined avenues and sweeping views of the surrounding landscape.
Styles changed as the middle classes gained power and the role of the individual became more important. In Britain, the trend meant that gardens increasingly came to be influenced by their surrounding landscape, incorporating grassy knolls, copses, ponds, cattle and deer. Inspiration came from the romantic view of nature held by Rousseau and portrayed by artisans of the day. The view was a clear break from the fenced off, cultured landscape. In 1779, C.C.L. Hirschfeldt published the first volume of his “Theorie der Gartenkunst” (The Theory of Gardening), which is one long defence of the natural…