Themes

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Industry

Caspar Jørgensen

Industry - From mills to computers

Even though Denmark is known as an agricultural nation, industry has played a major role in the development of the welfare state. Around 1840, factories began to appear in earnest, and soon more were working industrial jobs than in agriculture. And between 1930 and 1970, the industrial sector was…

World War II

Niels Wium Olesen

World War II - Sleeping with the enemy

The German occupation in 1940-45 was the most dramatic episode in Denmark in the last hundred years. Compared with the brutality other Nazi occupied countries faced, conditions in Denmark were mild, and the democratic system functioned during most of the Occupation. But the price for the…

Crime and punishment

Tyge Krogh

Crime and punishment - From the noose to the electric tag

That crime doesn't pay is something punishment has always needed to prove. But the way criminals are punished has changed radically down through history. At one point capital punishment was common, and the sentence was often justified by citing God's law". Today, criminals need not…

Denmark as a colonial power

Birgitte Holten

Denmark as a colonial power - Spices, sugar, slaves and a special relationship

Denmark has had colonies in places as exotic at Tranquebar in the east, and St Croix in the west. Even though Denmark was only a minor colonial power, it was at times profitable. Two of the original northern colonies, the Faroe Islands and Greenland, remain a part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

Planned and unplanned towns and cities

Ulla Tofte

Planned and unplanned towns and cities - Urban development, from castle to council

The evolution of urban planning in Denmark begins with the star-shaped street layout that had castles or churches at their centres. The development includes the French-inspired designs that served as monuments to royal power and today’s municipal planning. But some elements such as the use of…

The social welfare state

Klaus Petersen

The social welfare state - Paradise found?

In the years following World War II, Denmark became a welfare society. It is tempting to think of the developments as a clearly defined project, but that fails to take into account the coincidental interplay between the political visions and the actual changes. No-one in 1945 could have predicted…

Visiting Danish pre-history

Thomas Roland

Visiting Danish pre-history - Visiting the past

Sometimes, history is best experienced where it actually happened. The past continues to live inside prehistoric burial chambers and along the ramparts of ancient battles. The Danish Prehistory in Nature" programme has helped to open up many of the country's most impressive prehistoric…

Strong faith

Tim Jensen

Strong faith - A Christian nation

Carved into the Jelling Stone – popularly named Denmark's birth certificate – are runes declaring that King Harald Bluetooth Christianised the Danes. In 1997, more than a 1000 years later, and long after immigrants with different religions had begun settling here, the image of the crucified…

Daily life: housing throughout the ages

Peter Dragsbo

Daily life: housing throughout the ages - From single room to suburb

The ideal house and home has changed significantly over the past 1,000 years. Communal living has been replaced by a single-family culture. Homes have gone from being a single room where a family ate, slept and worked to having a separate room for every activity. Home and work have been separated,…

The Iron Age: farmers and fighters

Lars Jørgensen

The Iron Age: farmers and fighters - Danish farmers and Roman imports

During the Iron Age, technological and social changes occurred faster than ever before. The introduction of iron spurred enormous advances in weapons, crafts and agriculture. Contact with the powerful Roman Empire was another major catalyst that led to major developments in important areas such as…

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